Dr Thomas Biginagwa

BA, MA (Dar), PhD (York)




Dr. Biginagwa obtained his Doctorate from York in 2012. His thesis examined animal economies practiced by local communities against the context of the expansion of the caravan trade in north-eastern Tanzania during the nineteenth century. Dr. Biginagwa’s broad research interest is on understanding how contemporary landscapes, habitats and cultures were shaped by changing human-environment interactions after the incorporation of East Africa into the North Atlantic trade system after c. 1500AD. Dr. Biginagwa teaches various undergraduate and postgraduate courses in the department, notably Faunal Analysis in Archaeology, Archaeology of Tanzania, Heritage Laws and Policies, and People and Cultures in Africa.


Areas of Specialization:Faunal analysis in Archaeology/Zooarchaeology, & Material culture


Current Projects


Completed Projects



Tourigny, E., Newstead, S., Antczak, K. A., Biginagwa, T. J., & Young, R. (2019). Global post-medieval/historical archaeology: what’s happening around the world 2018? Post-Medieval Archaeology, 1-11.

Biginagwa, T. J., and Ichumbaki, E. B. (2018). Settlement history of the islands on the Pangani River, northeastern Tanzania. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa53(1), 63-82.

Biginagwa, T.J. and Mapunda, B.B. (2017). ‘The Kilwa - Nyasa caravan route: the long-neglected trading corridor in southern Tanzania’. In Wynne-Jones and A. LaViolette (eds.). The Swahili World, 541-554.

Biginagwa, T.J. (2016). ‘Archaeology of KilwaKivinje: a nineteenth-century caravan trade coastal terminus ofsouthern Tanzania’. Studies in the African Past, 12, 58-95.

Biginagwa, T.J. (2014). ‘Historical archaeology in eastern Africa’. Encyclopedia of global historical archaeology, 2265 – 2273.

Biginagwa, T.J. (2013). ‘A study of faunal assemblages from 19th -century caravan trade halts in north-eastern Tanzania’. Studies in the African Past, 11, 159-183.

Biginagwa, T. J. (2012). Historical archaeology of the nineteenth-century caravan trade in Northeastern Tanzania: A zooarchaeological perspective. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, 47(3), 405-406.

Biginagwa, T.J. (2009). Excavations of 19th Century Caravan Trade Halts in North-eastern Tanzania. NyameAkuma, 72, 52-60.