Dr Edwinus C Lyaya

BA, MA (Dar), PhD (UCL, University College London)



Areas of Specialization:archaeometallurgy, archaeological materials science, cultural heritage management and conservation



Dr. Lyaya is a senior professional archaeologist in Tanzania who completed his PhD at University College London in 2013. He completed an African Humanities Program post-doctoral fellowship on ferrous metallurgy in Zambia in 2015 before being awarded another Volkswagen Foundation post-doc fellowship in Humanities (2016-2019). The latter focused on ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy of Zambia.


He has been employed at the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM) since 2007, teaching archaeology, heritage and conservation science. His research interests include archaeological materials science and the management and conservation of African heritage. He is an Administrator and Head of Secretariat of the Eastern Africa Research and Innovation Management Association housed in the UDSM-Directorate of Research and Publication.


Dr. Lyaya also co-manages a consultancy firm in Environmental and Social Impact Assessment and Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Impact Assessment. He has profound experience in conducting Cultural Heritage Impact Assessments in various regions of Tanzania and outside Tanzania including Uganda and Burundi. Dr. Lyayahas been legally registered by the National Environmental Management Council (NEMC) as an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) expert since 2011 and he has been registered as an Environment Auditor since 2014. More recently, he is also recognized as an environmental expert in Zanzibar since early 2017.


Dr. Lyaya has published in areas of archaeology, heritage management and archaeometallugy. He holds several international and national academic awards and prizes.


Current Projects



Lyaya, E.C. (in press). Identification Guide of Metallurgical Sites in Tanzania. African Archaeological Review.

Kaminyoge, G. &Lyaya, E.C. (2018). The Effectiveness of Cultural Heritage Impact Assessment as Part of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment in Tanzania. Studies in the African Past, Vol. 13/14: 20-44.

Lyaya, E.C. (2017). Heritage Management and Conservation Plan for Zanzibar Culutural Heritage (Unguja and Pemba). Department of Museum and Antiquities, Ministry of Information, Culture, Tourism and Sports, Government of Zanzibar.

Lyaya, E.C. (2016). Archaeological evidence for modes of air supply into iron smelting furnaces in the African Great Lakes region. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, 51(3), 1-18. doi:

Chami, M.F. and Lyaya, E.C. (2015). “Assessment of Tourist Satisfaction with Cultural Heritage Tourism Destinations in Tanzania: The Case of Zanzibar Stone Town Tourism”. The Journal of African Archaeology Network: Studies in the African Past, Vol. 12: 259-276.

Iles, E.L., &Lyaya, E.C. (2015). Making metals in East Africa and beyond: archaeometallurgy in Azania, 1966–2015. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, 50(4), 481-494. Doi:

Lyaya, E.C. (2011). “Bio-archaeometallurgy, technology, and spatial organization of ironworking at Mjimwema, Njombe Tanzania”. Papers of the Institute of Archaeology (PIA), Vol. 21: 59-79.

Lyaya, E.C. (2012). “Archaeology of Hehe iron smelting technology at Kalenga, Southern Tanzania”. The Journal of African Archaeology Network, Vol. 10:80-106.

Lyaya, E.C. (2013). Use of charcoal species for ironworking in Tanzania. In: J. Humphris and Th. Rehren (eds.), The World of Iron. London: Archetype Publications, 444-453.

Lyaya, E.C. and Mapunda, B.B. (2014). Metallurgy in Tanzania. In H. Selin (ed.). Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Netherlands: Springer Netherlands. Pp 1-9.

Lyaya, E.C., Bertram B. Mapunda, and ThiloRehren. (2012). The Bloom refining technology in Ufipa, Tanzania (1850-1950). In: C. Robion-Brunner and B. Martinelli (eds.), Metallurgie du fer et Societesafricaines: Bilans et nouveaux paradigms dans la recherché anthropoloque et archaeologique. Oxford: Archaeopress, 195-207.

Lyaya, E.C. (2010). “From Fipa to Nyiha case study: the bloom refining process in Mbozi, Tanzania”. NyameAkuma, 74:25-35.

Lyaya, E.C. (2009). “Re-visiting African bloom refining technology”. NyameAkuma, 72:30-40.

Lyaya, E.C. (2008a). “Archaeological field research at Ifakara, Tanzania”. NyameAkuma, 70: 11-20.

Lyaya, E.C. (2008b). “Archaeological field research in Njombe, Tanzania”. NyameAkuma, 70: 21-29.