Dr Charles B Saanane

BA (Dar), MA (Rutgers), PhD (Johann Wolfgang Goethe)



Saanane completed his BA (Archaeology) at the University of Dar es Salaam in 1988, followed by an MA (Anthropology) in 1991 at Rutgers in USA, and later obtained a PhD and doctorate of natural science (Dr. phi. nat. magnum cum laude) from Johan Wolfgang Goethe University at Frankfurt upon Main in Germany (2004). His doctoral research examined a specimen belonging to aHomo erectus discovered from Makuyuni in the Arusha region together with taphonomic aspects of Makuyuni and Laetoli sites that were compared with localities from Olduvai and other localities in East and Southern Africa.


Research Interests

Saanane is interested in taphonomic aspects together with biological evolution of species (human and non-human primate species) in Plio-Pleistocene and dinosaur remains (especially those of Tendaguru in Lindi region).


Current Projects

Dinosaur and hominin research works with Berlin Nature Museum and Zenckenberg Museum affiliated with Johanne Wolfgang University



"Further Insights on Early Hominin Activities at Makuyuni Site 4 in Arusha Region Northern Tanzania." Co-authored with Bundala, M. (in press, February, 2018), The Journal of Archaeological Network..


 “Stable Carbon, Nitrogen and Oxygen isotope ratios of domestic fauna from eastern Zimbabwe: A preliminary application of stable isotope analysis in Zimbabwe.” Co-authored with Shenjere-Nyabezi, Plan and Joseph Chikumbirike (in press, December 2017). Journal of Archaeological Science)


 “Rock Engravings and Paintings: Rethinking of the Cupules, Gongs, and Grinding Hollows of Siuyu and Ughaugha in Singida East (Tanzania).” Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 6, 160-180. (2018). Co-authored with Itambu, M.P., Mulinda, A., Bukenya, A., Gibinagwe, E.S., Bundala, M. and Bushozi, P.M.


“Acheulean Sites at Makuyuni (Lake Manyara, Tanzania): Results of Archaeological Fieldwork and Classification of the Lithic Assemblages.” African Archaeological Review, (2018). Co-authored with Giemsch, Liane, Hetler, Christine, Märker, Michael, Quénéhervé, Geraldine, &Schrenk, Friedemann


“From Grinding Hollows to Information Communication Technology through Media in Selecting Prospective Fiancées: Evidence from Wasukuma Socio-Cultural Practices in Tanzania.” International Journal of Geosciences. 8: 1146-1171. (2017). Co-authored with Faru, S.


 “New cranium of the large cercopithecid primate Theropithecusoswaldileakeyi (Hopwood, 1934) from the paleoanthropological site of Makuyuni, Tanzania.” Journal of Human Evolution 109: 46 - 56 (2017). Co-authored with Frost, Stephen, R., Britt M. Starkovich, Hilde Schwartz, FriedemannSchrenk and Katerina Harvati


 “Cultural Heritage Assets: Rituals, Grinding Hollows and Other Socio-cultural Practices in Simiyu Region, Tanzania.” Journal of Natural Resources, Vol. 7: 214 - 238. (2016a)


“Preliminary Report on Early Settlements and Archaeological Materials from Lindi Rural District, Lindi Region, Southeastern Tanzania." International Journal of Geosciences, 7:  655 - 668 (2016b).


 “Burial Pottery versus Domestic pottery: An Archaeological Study of Decoration and Style in North-eastern Zimbabwe.” The Journal of Archaeological Network, Vol. 11: 139-158. (2013), Co-authored with Marufu, H.


 “Investigation of Brain Lobes Changes and Spatial Re-organization During Hominin Evolution.” The Journal of Archaeological Network, Vol. 11: 62-88. (2013). Co-authored with Jillani, N. and Gesase, A.


Book chapter with some Anthropological perspectives, submitted to Arizona University) Responding to Marginalization and Exclusion in Education in Tanzania, Arizona: Institute for Inclusive Education, State University of Arizona. (submitted since December, 2009). Co-authored with Kisanji, J.


 “Palaeoanthropological Investigation of Manyara Beds, Tanzania: A Reassessment.” Journal of Human Evolution. (2016). Co-authored with Frost, S. R., Schwartz, H., Giemsch, L., Morgan, L. E., Renne, P. R., Wildgoose, M. M., Friedemann, S. and Harvati, K.


“Refined age estimates and paleoanthropological investigation of the Manyara Beds, Tanzania.” Journal of Anthropological Sciences, 90: 151–161. (2012). Co-authored with Frost, S. R., Schwartz, H. L., Giemsch, L., Morgan, L. E., Renne, P. R.,Wildgoose, M. M., Schrenk, F.,&Harvati, K.


 “Geochronology of the Manyara Beds, Northern Tanzania: New Tephrostratigraphy, Magnetostratigraphy and ⁴⁰Ar/³⁹Ar Ages.” Quaternary Geochrology 7:48-66. (2012). Co-authored with Schwartz, H., Rene, P., R.,  Morgan, L. E., Wildgoose, M. M., Lippert, P. C., Frost, S. R., Harvati, K. and Schrenk, F.


 “Makuyuni, a new Lower Palaeolithic Hominid Site in Tanzania.” Mitt. Hamb. Zool. Mus. Inst. 106: 69-110. (2010). Co-authored with Kaiser, T., Seiffert, C., Hertler, C., Fiedler, L., Schwartz, H.l., Frost, S.R., Giemsch, L., Bernor, R.L., Wolf, D., Semprebon, G., Nelson, S. V., Schrenk, F., Harvati, K. and Bromage, T. G.


“Kinematic and Sedimentological Evolution of the Manyara Rift in Northern Tanzania, East Africa.” Geol. Mag. 142 (4): 355-368. (2005). Co-authored with Uwe, Ring, Hilde Schwartz and Timothy G. Bromage


Ndutu. Digital@archive of Fossil Hominoids, Vienna: Inst. For Anthropology, University of Vienna, ISBN: 3-9501135-6-8. (2005). Co-authored with Weber, G. W., Seidler, H., Magori, C., Kamamba, D., Thackery, F., Schrenk, F., Recheis, W., zurNedden, D. and Conroy, G. C.


18. “Becoming a Traditional Healer: The Case of Wasukuma.” In Y. Q. Lawi and B. B. B. Mapunda, eds., 2004. Proceedings of a conference held at University of Dar es Salaam on 20th December, 2003- Dar es Salaam: GEGCA-NUFU, UDSM. (2004).


“Thickness Mapping of the Occipital Bone on CT-data: A new Approach Applied on OH  9.” ACTA ANTHROPOLOGICA SINICA, Suppl. To Vol. 19: 37-46. (2000). Co-authored with Weber, G., Kim, J., Neumaier, A., Magori, C.C., Recheis, W. and Seidler, H.


DinosariawaTendaguru. Dar es Salaam: E & D Limited. (1998). Co-authored with Magori, C. C.


Four Million Years of Hominid Evolution in Africa: Papers in Honour of Dr. Mary Douglas Leakey's Outstanding Contribution In Palaeoanthropology. KAUPIA. DarmstadterBeitrageZurNaturgeschichte. Darmstadt. Heft 6:1 - 310. (1996). Edited with Magori, C.C. &Schrenk, F.


"Palaeoanthropological Implications of Fossil Bones from Olduvai Gorge." In C.C. Magori, C.B. Saanane& F. Schrenk, eds, Four Million Years of Hominid Evolution in Africa: Papers in Honour of Dr. Mary Douglas Leakey's Outstanding Contribution In Palaeoanthropology. KAUPIA. DarmstadterBeitrageZurNaturgeschichte. Heft 6:271-290; Darmstadt. (1996).


"Tendaguru the Most Famous Locality of Africa. Review Survey and Future Prospects." DOCUMENTA NATURAE 97:1-41; MUNICH. (1995). Co-authored with Zils, W., Werner, C. and Moritz, A.


"OrientierendeTendaguru - Expedition 1994." Berliner geowiss. Abh., E 16.2: 483-531; Berlin. (1995). Co-authored with Zils, W., Werner, C. and Moritz, A.


"Archaeological Investigations in the Vicinity of Mkiu, Kisarawe District, Tanzania." Archaeological Contributions of the University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam: University of Dar es Salaam. (1992). Co-authored with Schmidt, P.R., Karoma, N.J., LaViolette, A., Fawcet, B., Mabulla, A.Z. and Rutabanzibwa, L.N.